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Jan 19, 2016

Reading Al Fatiha & Eesaal e Sawaab

Allah's Name (we) begin with, The Compassionate Most Merciful.

Assalaam u Alaikum
I have been asked to write a few words in reply to a so called scholar who claims The Most Beloved Sall Allahu Alaihi Wasallam never endorsed or participated in Reading Al Fatihah, issaale thawaab or even reciting Durood Shareef (Allah Almighty save us from such ignoramus beliefs) .

What he should also learn is some adab, in regards to calling the companions Radi Allahu Anhum by their first names only, And Ummul momineen Sayyidah Ayesha Radi
Allahu Anha by her first name only.

Maybe he calls his mother and father by their first names and this is what he has been taught.
I hope you read the following, do towba, and come to the path of Ahlussunah.

Performing Fatiha on food is proven from the Sunna of the Most Beloved Prophet Sall Allahu Alaihi Wasallam.
The great scholar Sayyiduns Mulla Ali Qari writes:
‘It was on the third day after the passing of sayyiduna Ibrahim, Beloved son of the Messenger of Allah, Sall Allahu Alaihi Wasallam when Sayyiduna Abu Zarr Radi Allahu Anhu came to the Prophet Sall Allahu Alaihi Wasallam with dry dates, milk and some wheat bread. He placed it in front of the Prophet Sall Allahu Alaihi Wasallam. He recited Surah Fatiha and Surah Ikhlas thrice and then raised his hands in Dua and wiped his face. The Prophet Sall Allahu Alaihi Wasallam then ordered Abu Zarr to divide the food amongst the people.’

Sayyidah Ummul Momineen Aisha Siddeeqah Radi Allahu Anha reports that when the Prophet Sall Allahu Alaihi Wasallam fell ill, he would recite Surah Falaq and Surah Naas, and then blow upon himself using his hands (Sahih Bukhari,)
He would also blow upon himself before going to sleep, after reciting Surah Ikhlas, Surah Naas and Surah Falaq.

The Holy Prophet Sall Allahu Alaihi Wasallam gave out charity on behalf of Sayyiduna Ameer Hamza رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہon the 3rd, 7th and 40th day, as well as on the 6lh and 12th month subsequent to his demise.

At the time of completing the Holy Quran (Khatmul-Quran), Hadrat Anas رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہused to gather his family members and make dua. Hakeem ibn Utba Radi Allahu Anhu states that Mujaahid and his slave, Ibn Abi Luhaaha, gathered people together and said, “We have called you because we are completing the Holy Quran today and dua is accepted at the time of Khatmul-Quran.” It has been authentically narrated from Hadrat Mujaahid رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ that the Pious elders used to call gatherings of people at the time of Khatmul-Quran and say, “Mercy descends at this time.”

Thus, the gatherings of Teeja (3rd Day) and Chaliswaa (40th) is the practice of the pious predecessors it is stated in Durre-Mukhtaar. “If a person recites Surah Ikhlaas 11 times and conveys its reward to the deceased, all of the deceased equally receive the thawaab

Under the above extract. Imam Shaami Alaihirrahmah states, “Whatever is possible to be read from the Quran should be recited. Also, Surah Fatiha, the initial ayats of Surah Baqarah, Ayatul-Kursi, the final ayats of Surah Baqarah, Surah Yaseen, Surah Mulk, surah Takaathur and surah Ikhlaas, either 11, 7 or 3 times Should be recited and then said afterwards, ”O Allahعزوجل! Convey the reward of whatever I have recited to [so­-and-so]”

In the Battle of Tabuk, the Muslim army experienced a shortage of food. Sayyiduna Rasoolullahصلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ordered the entire army to gather whatever food they had. The people brought what they could and the food was then placed on a spread tablecloth. The Holy Prophetصلی اللہ علیہ وسلمthen made dua on it and said, “Take and put it back in your containers.” – Mishkaat, Baabul-Mujizaat,

When the Noble Messengerصلی اللہ علیہ وسلمmarried Sayyidah Zainab رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا ., Hadrat Umme Sulaim رضی اللہ تعالٰی prepared a little food for the wedding feast (Waleemah). However many people were invited. Rasoolullahصلی اللہ علیہ وسلم” placed his blessed hands on the food and recited something, it sufficed for all.

On the day of the Battle of Khandaq, Hadrat Jaabir رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ prepared a little amount of food and invited the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ علیہ وسلمto come and partake in it. When Rasool Allahصلی اللہ علیہ وسلم entered the house, kneaded dough was placed before him. He placed his blessed saliva in it and made dua for barakah.

Rasool Allahصلی اللہ علیہ وسلم stood before the slaughtered animal and said, “O Allahعزوجل! This Qurbaani is on behalf of my Ummah.”

If a person recites Surah Ikhlas eleven times and conveys its thawab to the deceased Muslims, then he himself shall receive the thawab equal to the total reward given to the souls of the deceased Muslims.
Raddul Muhtar,

The reward (Thawab) of physical and financial good deeds is conveyed and received in favour of the other Muslim and it is permissible, in support of which there are many proofs provided by the verses of the Holy Qur'an, AHadith of the Holy Prophet Sall Allahu Alaihi Wasallam and the sayings (statements) of the religious scholars. The Holy Qur'an has stressed upon Muslims to pray for the welfare of other Muslims as brothers and well wishers. funeral prayers of a deceased Muslim is a glaring example in this behalf. In Mishkaat, Babul Fitan, Babul Malaahim, Chapter Two, there is a saying of Hadrat Abu Huraira:
 

يضمن لي منكم أن أصلي في مسجد العشاء ، يعني بالأيلة ركعتين أو أربعة ، يقول هذه عن أبي هريرة
Is there any of you who will undertake to pray two or four rak'ahs on my behalf in the mosque of al-Ashshar, stating, "they are on behalf of Abu Hurayrah"
 
Allamah Qurtubi states, 'Just as the reward of charitable deeds benefit the deceased, similarly, the recitation of the holy Qur'aan, Du'aa and Isghtifaar also do the same, because all of these are regarded as Sadaqah (charity) in Shari'ah.'

He, thereafter, mentioned 2 narrations recorded in Sahih Muslim which prove that even Salaat and Dhikr of Allah (Tasbeeh, Takbeer and Tahleel) were all classified as Sadaqah by Sayyiduna Rasul Allah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam).

Sayyiduna Rasul Allah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) slaughtered sheep during his farewell Hajj and made intention for himself and all those (alive, deceased and to come) who bring faith on his prophethood. (Sahih Bukhari)

Imaam Bukhari has reported on the authority of Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Abbaas (Radi Allaahu Anhu) that Sayyiduna Sa'ad ibn Ubaadah (Radi Allaahu Anhu) was away when his mother passed away. When he returned, he asked "Ya Rasul Allah,Sall Allahu Alaihi Wasallam 'Will it be of any benefit if I give charity on her behalf?' The most Beloved (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) replied in the affirmative. Sahih Bukhari

Hafiz ibn Hajar al-Asqalaani Radi Allahu Anhu states in his monumental commentary of Sahih Bukhari entitled, 'Fath al-Bari', 'This Hadith proves the permissibility of charity on behalf of the deceased and that the reward will reach him.' Fath al-Baari vol.5

Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Abbaas (Radi Allahu Anhu ) reports a man once asked Sayyiduna Rasool Allah (Sall Allaahu Alayhi Wasallam), 'O Prophet of Allah! My father has passed away and he did not perform Hajj, can I perform Hajj on his behalf?' The Beloved prophet (Sall Allaahu Alayhi Wasallam) enquired of him, 'If your father had any debt, would you have paid it.?' The man replied, 'Yes.' Upon this, Rasulullah (Sall Allaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, 'In that case, the Deen of Allah has more right.' Sunan Nisai


Sayyiduna al-Lajlaaj (Radi Allaahu Anhu), a companion of The Beloved Prophet (Sall Allaahu Alayhi Wasallam), had requested his son that after he leaves this world, he should recite the beginning and end of Surah al-Baqarah at the head side of his grave. Sayyiduna al-Lajlaaj (Radi Allaahu Anhu) then mentioned that he heard this from Sayyiduna Rasul Allah (Sall Allaahu Alayhi Wasallam). (al-Mu'jamul Kabeer of Imaam Tabrani;

Such has also been recorded to be the practice of Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Umar (Radi Allaahu Anhu). (Sunan al-Kubra of Imaam Bayhaqi vol.4 pg.56).

Allaamah al-Qurtubi states that, 'Some of our Ulama have based the permissibility of Isaal-e-Sawaab of the recitation of the Qur'aan on the Hadith of Sahih Bukhari (Hadith216, ) and Sahih Muslim wherein there is mention of Rasulullah [Sall Allaahu Alayhi Wasallam] placing fresh branches on 2 graves and He [Sall Allaahu Alayhi Wasallam] said, 'Perhaps their punishment will be lightened through it as long as the branches do not dry up.' (The Ulama explain the reason for this to be the Tasbeeh that those fresh branches will recite).

Allaamah al-Qurtubi further states, 'If the Tasbeeh of trees can benefit the deceased, then why not the recitation of the Qur'aan by a believer in Allah?' (Al-Tazkirah pg.70)
Hafiz ibn Hajar has mentioned in a reply to a query of whether the reward of recitation of the Qur'aan reaches the deceased, that; it is Mustahabb for one to do this form of (Isaal-e-Sawaab) abundantly.

On numerous occasions, Sayyiduna Nabi Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam advised the Sahaba (Radi Allaahu Anhum) to give charity on behalf of the deceased. One specific incident is of Syeduna Abu Talha (Radi Allaahu Anhu) when the verse, 'You cannot attain virtue until you spend what is beloved to you…' (Nisaa 4) was revealed. Abu Talha gave his most valuable well and garden, as charity on behalf of his deceased mother. In fact, Rasul Allah Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam slaughtered 100 sheep during his farewell Hajj and made intention for himself and all those (alive, deceased and to come) who bring faith on his prophethood.

Besides these there are numerous other narrations of this nature.

Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Umar (Radi Allahu anhu) narrates that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (Sall Allaahu alaihi wasallam) said, "He who reads a single Durood, Almighty Allah and His Angels (Malaa'ikah) send seventy blessings upon the reciter". (Mishkaat)

Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (Sall Alaahu alaihi wasallam) said, "He who sends a single Durood upon me, Almighty Allah rewards him ten times and ten good deeds are recorded in his book of good deeds". (Tirmidhi)

Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Masood (Radi Allahu anhu) narrates that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (Sall Allaahu alaihi wasallam) said, "On the Day of Qiyamah, the closest to me from among the people will be those that have read the most amount of Durood". (Tirmidhi: Kanzul Amaal)

On Fridays, send Durood abundantly on me, as it is presented before me. ” (Abu Dawud)

It thus becomes abundantly clear through the above mentioned Ahaadith that Isaal-e-Sawaab and reciting Durood Shareef, Al Fatihah is totally permissible in all it's forms and is in fact a very virtuous deed. This is the view of the overwhelming majority of the classical scholars (Muhadditheen and Fuqahaa) of Islam.
And Allah Almighty And His Most Beloved Sall Allahu Alaihi Wasallam know best .

Taalibe Dua
Khalifa e Allama Sayyid Shah Turāb ul Haq Qādri Daamat Barkaathumul Aaliyah, Maulana Shakeel e Millat Qadiri Ridawi Sahib Qibla Daamat Barkaathumul Aaliyah.

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