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Jan 19, 2016

The Beard And it's Length

Allah's Name (we) begin with, The Compassionate Most Merciful.

Assalaam u Alaikum
I have been asked to write a few words on the beard and its length.

Sayyiduna Abd Allah ibn Umar (Radi Allahu Anhuma) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (Sall Allahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “Trim (your) moustaches and lengthen/grow (your) beards.” (Sahih al-Bukhari & Sahih Muslim)

Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra (Radi Allahu Anhu) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (Sall Allahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “Cut off moustaches, leave beards and do otherwise than the fire worshippers.” (Sahih Muslim, no. 260)

Sayyiduna Anas ibn Malik (Radi Allahu Anhuma ) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (Sall Allahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “Trim moustaches, lengthen/leave beards and do not imitate the Jews.” (Tahawi, Sharh Ma’ani al-Athar, 4/230)

Sayyiduna Abd Allah ibn Umar (Radi Allahu Anhuma) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (Sall Allahu Alaihi Wasallam) ordered the trimming/clipping of moustaches and the leaving of the beards.” (Sahih Muslim, )

In the above Hadiths, the Messenger of Allah (Sall Allahu Alaihi Wasallam) categorically commanded the keeping of the beard.

In the above narrations, the Messenger of Allah (Sall Allahu Alaihi Wasallam) explicitly commanded the growing of the beard. According to the scholars of the “science of juristic principles” (usul al-Fiqh), the explicit command (amr) of the Qur’an and Sunnah signifies the obligatory nature of an act (al-Amr li al-Wujub) unless otherwise proven.

The Messenger of Allah (Sall Allahu Alaihi Wasallam) constant practice was also that of keeping a beard:

Abu Ma’mar relates that we asked Khabbab (Radi Allahu Anhu) whether the Messenger of Allah (Sall Allahu Alaihi Wasallam) used to recite the Qur’an in the Zuhr and the Asr prayers. He replied in the affirmative. We said, “How did you come to know of this?” He replied, “From the movement of his beard.” (Sahih al-Bukhari & Sunan Abu Dawud,

Sayyiduna Anas ibn Malik (Radi Allahu Anhuma) narrates that when the Messenger of Allah (Sall Allahu Alaihi Wasallam) performed ablution (wudhu), he would take a handful of water and put it under his jaws and pass it through his beard. He said, “This is what my Lord ordered me to do.” Sunan Abu Dawud, Sunan al-Bayhaqi

Sayyiduna Jabir ibn Abd Allah (Radi Allahu Anhuma) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (Sall Allahu Alaihi Wasallam) had a thick beard….” Sahih Muslim,

The four Sunni schools of Islamic law (madhhabs) also quite clearly mention the impermissibility of shaving the beard:

The Hanafi School

The great Hanafi jurist, Imam al-Haskafi (Radi Allahu Anhu) states in his Durr al-Mukhtar:

“It is unlawful for one to trim his beard,And as for shortening it when it is less than a fistful, as some North Africans and effeminate men do, this is something no one (i.e. of the Hanafi scholars) has said is permitted.”Radd al-Muhtar ala al-Durr al-Mukhtar,



The Maliki School
Imam al-Dasuqi (Radi Allahu Anhu) states:
“It is unlawful (haram) for a man to shave his beard, and the perpetrator will be disciplined.”

The Shafi’i school
“The two shaykhs of the school (i.e. Nawawi & Rafi’i) state that it is Makruh (disliked) to shave the beard, but Ibn al-Rif’a objected to this stating that Imam Shafi’i (Allah have mercy on him) himself categorically mentioned in his book “al-Umm” that shaving the beard is unlawful (haram).


The Hanbali School
Imam al-Bahuti al misri states:
“(From the acts of nature (fitrah) is to lengthen the beard in a way that it should not be trimmed at all. It is stated in the school that, this is as long as it does not become abnormally long in a way that it causes abhorrence. And it is unlawful (haram) to shave it off.” (Kashaf al-Qina’, .

The above statements of the Messenger of Allah (Sall Allahu Alaihi Wasallam) and the statements of the jurist (fuqaha) go a long way in proving that to shave the beard is unlawful (haram). A Muslim can never look with favour towards the act of shaving the beard.

Length of the beard

As far as the length of the beard is concerned, there is no doubt in the fact that the practice of the Mercy of both worlds, the Messenger of Allah (Sall Allahu Alaihi Wasallam) and his Companions (Radi Allahu Anhum Ajmaeen ) was that of keeping and growing the beard to at least a fistful.

The Hadith quoted above from Sahih al-Bukhari, wherein Khabbab (Radi Allahu Anhu) said that, they (sahaba) came to know of the Messenger of Allah (Sall Allahu Alaihi Wasallam) reciting in his prayers due to the movement of his beard, is a clear proof of this. One can imagine the length of the Messenger of Allah’s beard if the Companions could see it moving from standing behind him in prayers.

Similarly, there are other narrations that clearly state that the Messenger of Allah (Sall Allahu Alaihi Wasallam) had a very thick and copious beard.

Imam al-Bukhari relates in his “Sahih” from Sayyiduna Abd Allah ibn Umar (Radi Allahu Anhum) that the Messenger of Allah (Sall Allahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “Do otherwise than those who ascribe partners to Allah (al-mushrikin): leave beards, and trim moustaches.” And Ibn Umar, when he went on Hajj or Umrah would grasp his beard with his hand, and removed what was in excess of it.” Sahih al-Bukhari,

Other Companions such as Abu Hurayra and Umar ibn al-Khattab (Radi Allahu Anhum Ajmaeen) are also reported to have trimmed their beards to a fistful, thus the practice of the Sahaba, who understood the Sunnah more than anyone else, is a clear proof on the permissibility of trimming the beard to a fistful.

AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida Khan (Radi Allahu Anhu) has quoted a saying of Sayyiduna Ka'ab Ahbar (Radi Allahu Anhu) in his booklet Lum'at al-Duha:

“Near to the end of the world, there would be some people who would trim their beards. They are extremely unfortunate. That is, they will have no blessing in religion and in the Hereafter”. [Ihya al-Uloom, Vol. 1, | Fatawa Radawiyyah, Vol. 22, Page 651]

To grow the beard is the Sunnah of the prophets. To shave it all or less than a fist is Haraam.” [Bahar-e-Shari'at, Vol. 16, Page 585]

According to the unanimous opinion, to shave the beard less than a fist as is the way of some westerners and effeminate persons who are fond of make-up like women, is not permissible. As regards shaving whole of the beard, then this is the way of the Jews of India and the fire-worshippers of Iran.” [Hashiyat al-Tahtawi Ala Maraqi al-Falah, Page 411]

Those who claim that a beard can be trimmed under a fist length, have they ever read the beautiful shamaail of the Most Beloved Sall Allahu Alaihi Wasallam I ask ?.

If so who are they trying to emulate and imitate.
May Allah Almighty give us the Towfeeq to act on the Shariah and Follow the Blessed Sunnah of the Most Beloved Sall Allahu Alaihi Wasallam.
May Allah Almighty keep us steadfast on Maslake Alahadrat Azeemulbarakat Radi Allahu Anhu .

KILKE RAZA HAI KHANJAR E KHOONKHAR BARQBAAR,
ADA SE KEHDO KHAIR MANAYAIN NA SHARR KARAIN


Translated by:
Khalifa e Allama Sayyid Shah Turāb ul Haq Qādri Daamat Barkaathumul Aaliyah, Maulana Shakeel e Millat Qadiri Ridawi Sahib Qibla Daamat Barkaathumul Aaliyah.

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